yet there is one question to which Israelis, whether pessimistic or pragmatic, have no answer: How can Israel redress the decline in its legitimacy? Ariel Sharon was so concerned by Israel’s failing image that he devised the withdrawal from Gaza. But five years have passed since then. At issue is not just the dwindling international support for Israel but the state’s ties with the Jewish Diaspora. Will the next generation of American Jews stand beside Israel with the same determination, when in the West the occupation is increasingly associated with apartheid?